I have mentioned before that four-year-olds ask the most questions…and constantly. Their brains are built to ask questions, and so they do. As we get older, though, for some reason, we ask less questions.
And sadly, many of us stop asking questions altogether.
But let’s not do that as we read scripture. Let’s ask questions!
Since today is a “parable” day, asking questions becomes even more important. So here we go…
In your opinion, what is justice?
Think about it. Come up with examples or your own definition.
Now, in your perspective, what is generosity?
Now that you’ve thought about it, let’s compare notes.
For me, justice is fairness and equity.
An example: I believe that all people deserve to have food to eat, a place to live, and safety. Justice, then, would be when all people have access to these basic needs—regardless of what needs to happen in order for that to be so.
And now, generosity.
In my perspective, generosity is sharing what one has.
An example: my friend has a garden with some kale growing in it. He shares the kale with me and others. We don’t pay him for it, he just shares it. Generosity.
How did our definitions and examples compare?
A parable of Jesus of Nazareth from the Gospel of Matthew.
A landowner, some workers.
And generosity redefined.
And justice turned on its head.
This parable story is similar to the story of the prodigal son, isn’t it?
It redefines “fairness” and exposes an immeasurable generosity.
In the prodigal son story, the dad shows generosity to the younger son.
In this story, the landowner shows generosity to workers who only labor for a short time.
Of course, in both stories, someone isn’t happy about the generosity.
The older son in the prodigal story is ticked off. He stayed and was loyal to his dad, worked hard, and didn’t squander his dad’s money. The younger son wasted his dad’s resources and messed up. The older son is mad.
In the other story, the workers who labor the whole day are ticked off, too. They stayed the whole time working the land and were paid a day’s wage. The other workers only labored for a few hours and were also paid the same. The all-day workers are mad.
Seems that both the older son and the all-day workers wanted justice—or at least justice as they defined it.
Look at what the landowner in the story asks the workers who are mad:
Are you envious because I am generous?
Again, questions are important.
The landowner’s question is a translation of an idiom in Greek.
The question should be: Is your eye evil because I am good?
In this Greek-speaking culture, the “evil eye” signifies an issue within a human being. Jesus said that the eye was the lamp of the body. If the eye was healthy, the body was full of light. It seems that in this story, the evil eye is the opposite of generosity. Perhaps greed or jealousy.
Imagine if the all-day workers in the story had reacted differently? What if they would have said: We got what we deserved—a day’s pay. And as for these other workers who labored less time than we did—good for them, too. We ourselves are not hurt by the landowner’s generosity, and besides—apparently, the landowner has plenty to spread around.
But that’s not how they responded.
And that’s probably good, because this is the real world.
Most of us react most of the time like the all-day workers.
We want justice [at least our definition of it].
We prefer our justice over someone else’s generosity.
So the point of the parable, at least for me, is to change the question.
The question that we should not be asking is: who deserves this and that, and who doesn’t.
The questions we could be asking are: when and where do I catch a glimpse of generosity without limits? When and where have I experienced this generosity in my life? When and where can I participate in that generosity in the lives of others?
Because let’s be honest: justice is basically a joke.
A lot of people living in the U.S. have jobs and homes and food to eat.
And yet, the world we live in includes all kinds of unfairness for workers and especially immigrants from other countries who come here because of violence, political oppression, poverty, or manipulation.
What is “fair” when there are migrant workers who cut grass and trim hedges; fill assembly lines at factories; clean bathrooms and office complexes; wash dishes at restaurants, all the while looking over their shoulders and receiving the lowest wages?
These workers in service industries are fueling the banks, corporations, and companies of our Western society. They labor so that our technology-obsessed countries can get the newest phone, computer, or TV—or so we can eat any kind of food at any time of day and in a moment. So we argue about minimum wage increases; meanwhile, workers cannot earn above the poverty line while working 2-3 jobs. But if we all work and receive pay accordingly, isn’t that fair? Isn’t that justice?
No, it’s not.
In a just world, things would be better than they actually are, and for everyone, right?
The Jesus of Matthew does not ignore the unjust nature of the world.
Some who deserve a full day’s wage do not get it.
Others who deserve the same actually receive a TON more than they should.
This is why the world is out of balance.
And so, the last need to be first and the first need to be last.
Everyone needs to return to balance.
But that will take a serious overhaul!
We’re not given a solution in the parable, but we are given a hint.
Generosity without limits.
The landowner, who obviously represents God, shows generosity without measure. Everyone gets a full day’s wage—regardless of where they started or ended up. Anyone disadvantaged still receives the same opportunities as those who began with advantages. Wow, can you imagine if this actually were true in the world?
If there were equity, for every person, regardless of where and how she/he grew up?
This type of great generosity of the landowner [God] seems so beyond our human capabilities, right?
However, maybe generosity holds to the key to justice.
Because I admit to having experiences in my own life in which someone showed me generosity that was too big to understand. I didn’t even ask for help or support, but I received it and so much so, that it overwhelmed me. That handful of people appeared in my life and then disappeared. They did not ask for anything in return. They just gave to me—whether it was money, or time, or kindness, or some talent that they could pass on. I cannot measure their generosity.
It changed me.
And I’ll never pay them back.
So I have and will pay it forward.
This is where, to me, generosity spills over into justice.
When generosity is not measured or controlled it can have a ripple effect.
When someone is the recipient of true generosity, that generosity spills over and out of that person and into the lives of others.
And generosity can bring balance.
Friends, we can spend our whole lives making a list of the crap that people have done to us or said about us, or the ways that society has hurt us, etc., etc. We can try to “measure” justice and come up with what is “right” and “wrong” and who deserves this or that.
But it will just cause us more suffering.
Generosity, though, isn’t measured.
It’s not limited.
And it can spill over into justice.
We started with questions; I end with one:
Will generosity flow out of you into justice?
 Emerson Powery, Professor of Biblical Studies, Messiah College, Grantham, PA, Commentary, Workingpreacher.org.